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CIVIL SERVICES' (I.A.S.) EXAMINATION

The Union Public Service Commission (U.P.S.C.) conducts Civil Services' Examination once a year in two stages. The Preliminary Examination (Objective Type) for selection of candidates for the Main Examination is held in the month of May.

The Civil Services Main Examination
 is held in the months of October/November. Blank application forms and other particulars are published in the Employment News, generally in the month of December.

The last date for the submission of applications to the Secretary, Union Public Service Commission, Dholpur House, Shahjahan Road, NewDelhi-11001 1 is usually the last week of January of the year of examination.

The Combined Civil Services Examination is conducted for Recruitment to the following Services/Posts:

1. Indian Administrative Service.
2. Indian Foreign Service.
3. Indian Police Service.
4. Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service, Group 'A'.
5. Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group 'A'.
6. Indian Customs and Central Excise S…

AGRICULTURAL SCIENTIST RECRUITMENT BOARD

Agricultural Research Service

National
Eligibility Test/ Senior Research Fellowship Examination 

The Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board (ASRB)
 holds a Competitive Examination for recruiting Scientists of the ARS in the pay scale of Rs. 8,000-13,500 in the ICAR Institutes, combined with National Eligibility Test (NET) for recruitment of Lecturers and Assistant Professors by the State Agricultural Universities (SAUS) and for award of ICAR Senior Research Fellowships.

The selected candidates for Agricultural Research Service must serve in the institutes to which they are posted until they find appointment for higher positions through selection at other institutes.

(i) Candidates successful in ARS are appointed as Scientists in the Indian Council of Agricultural Research in the pay scale of Rs. 8,000-13,500.

(ii) Candidates clearing the National Eligibility Test are recommended to various State Agricultural Universities who will consider them for appointment as Lecturers or Assistant Pro…

What Questions to ask the HR

Few questions you should ask the HR : What kinds of assignments might I expect the first six months on the job?How often are performance reviews given?Please describe the duties of the job for me.What products (or services) are in the development stage now?Do you have plans for expansion?What are your growth projections for next year?Have you cut your staff in the last three years?Are salary adjustments geared to the cost of living or job performance?Does your company encourage further education?How do you feel about creativity and individuality?Do you offer flextime?What is the usual promotional time frame?Does your company offer either single or dual career-track programs?What do you like best about your job/company?Once the probation period is completed, how much authority will I have over decisions?Has there been much turnover in this job area?Do you fill positions from the outside or promote from within first?Is your company environmentally conscious? In what ways?In what ways is …

Predict the output or error(s) for the following:

1. void main(){
int const * p=5;
printf("%d",++(*p));
}
Answer:
Compiler error: Cannot modify a constant value.
Explanation:
p is a pointer to a "constant integer". But we tried tochange the value of the "constant integer".

2. main() {
 char s[ ]="man";
int i;
 for(i=0;s[ i ];i++)
printf("\n%c%c%c%c",s[i],*(s+i),*(i+s),i[s]);
}
Answer:
mmmm
aaaa
nnnn
Explanation:
s[i], *(i+s), *(s+i), i[s] are all different ways of expressing the same idea. Generally array name is the
base address for that array. Here s is the base address. i is the index number/displacement from the base address. So, indirecting it with * is same as s[i]. i[s] may be surprising. But in the case of C it is same as s[i].

3. main(){
 float me = 1.1;
 double you = 1.1;
 if(me==you)
printf("I love U");
else
printf("I hate U");
}
Answer:
I hate U
Explanation:
For floating point numbers (float, double, long double) the values cannot be predicted exactly. Dependi…

How do I "get" a null pointer in my programs?

Answer: According to the language definition, a constant 0 in a pointer context is converted into a null pointer at compile time. That is, in an initialization, assignment, or comparison when one side is a variable or expression of pointer type, the compiler can tell that a constant 0 on the other side requests a null pointer, and generate the correctly-typed null pointer value. Therefore, the following fragments are perfectly legal:

char *p = 0;
if(p != 0)

However, an argument being passed to a function is not necessarily recognizable as a pointer context, and the compiler may not be able to tell that an unadorned 0 "means" a null pointer. For instance, the Unix system call "execl" takes a variable-length, null-pointer-terminated list of character pointer arguments. To generate a null pointer in a function call context, an explicit cast is typically required:

execl("/bin/sh", "sh", "-c", "ls", (char *)0);

If the (char *) cas…

What is this infamous null pointer, anyway?

Answer: The language definition states that for each pointer type, there is a special value -- the "null pointer" -- which is distinguishable from all other pointer values and which is not the address of any object. That is, the address-of operator & will never yield a null pointer, nor will a successful call to malloc. (malloc returns a null pointer when it fails, and this is a typical use of null pointers: as a "special" pointer value with some other meaning, usually "not allocated" or "not pointing anywhere yet.")

A null pointer is conceptually different from an uninitialized pointer. A null pointer is known not to point to any object; an uninitialized pointer might point anywhere. See also questions 49, 55, and 85.

As mentioned in the definition above, there is a null pointer for each pointer type, and the internal values of null pointers for different types may be different. Although programmers need not know the internal values, the co…

Aptitude Test Practice Questions - With Answers

Question 1. Which of the following is least like the others?
A.    cube
B.    sphere
C.    pyramid
D.    circle

Anwser:
D (because the circle is the only two-dimensional figure)

Question 2. Consider a language which uses the following set of characters:
Small set: { a b c }
Large set: { A B C }
Punctuation set: { x y }
This language must follow the following rules:
  1.    A punctuation character must end all series.
  2.    A series can have up to but no more than 4          characters,including punctuation characters.

Does the following series follow all the rules of the language defined above?
axBy
  A.    Yes
  B.    No

Answer:
A (the series has only four characters and ends in a punctuation character)

Question 3. Consider the following flow chart for a customer:



The person in No.1 is:
    A.   Married, with children
    B.   Married, with at least one son
    C.   Unmarried, with at least one daughter
    D.   Unmarried, with at least one son
    E.   Unmarried, with no children

Answe…