(B) Basic Question in .net(dotNet) What is a IL?

(B)What is a IL?
Twist :- What is MSIL or CIL , What is JIT?
(IL)Intermediate Language is also known as MSIL (Microsoft Intermediate Language) or CIL
(Common Intermediate Language). All .NET source code is compiled to IL. This IL is then
converted to machine code at the point where the software is installed, or at run-time by a Just-In-
Time (JIT) compiler.

HCL Aptitude Test Paper 25 quesstions Answers at the end

Directions (Q. 1-5): In each of the following number series one of the given numbers is wrong. Find out the wrong number.
1. 8 34 207 1661 16617 199417
1) 8      2) 34     3) 207    4) 1661     5) None of these
2. 7 75 395 2379 11879 47541
1) 7      2) 75    3) 395     4) 2379      5) None of these
3. 420 70 75 300 197 148.5
1) 70     2) 75    3) 300    4) 197        5) None of these
4. 9 21 51 155 540 2163
1) 9       2) 21    3) 51      4) 2163      5) None of these
5. 22 37 59 97 155 251
1) 37     2) 59    3) 97      4) 155        5) None of these
6. An angry Arjun carried some arrows for fighting with Bheeshm. With half the arrows, he cut down the arrows thrown by Bheeshm on him and with six other arrows he killed the Chariot driver of Bheeshm. With one arrow each he knocked down respectively the Chariot, the flag and the bow of Bheeshm. Finally, with one more than four times the square root of arrows he laid Bheeshm unconscious on an arrow bed. Find the total number of arrows Arjun had.
1) 100     2) 121    3) 144   4) 169       5) None of these

Directions (Q. 7-11): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:
Total population of a village is 64000. Out of this 65% is literate. 60% of the total population is male. Out of the total illiterate population, males and female are in the ratio 3:4
7. What is the ratio of illiterate females to literate ones?
1) 1:1     2) 1:2    3) 4:7     4) Data inadequate    5) None of these
8. Among the males what is the ratio of literate ones to illiterate ones?
1) 3:1     2) 1:3     3) 9:4    4) Data inadequate    5) None of these
9. What is the ratio of literate males to literate females?
1) 4:9    2) 9:4      3) 9:13  4) Data inadequate    5) None of these
10. What is the total number of illiterate males?
1) 6400   2) 12800  3) 9600    4) 3200     5) None of these
11. What is the total number of literate females?
1) 6400     2) 12800  3) 9600   4) 3200     5) None of these

Directions (Q.12-16): Study the following table and answer the questions given below:
Following table shows the rural population and the percentage of total population living in the rural areas of the country X.
Censes Population (in million) Percentage
1901 213 89.2
1911 246 89.7                    
1921 223 88.8
1931 246 88.0
1941 275 86.1
1951 299 82.7
1961 360 82.0
1971 439 80.1
1981 524 76.7
1991 629 74.2
2001 743 72.3
12. Approximately what was the urban population of country X in the census year 1981?
1) 109 million   2) 129 million   3) 159 million    4) 218 million    5) 155 million
13. In which of the following census years was the population of the urban area 79 million?
1) 1951       2) 1961      3) 1971        4) 1981       5) 1991
14. Approximately what was total population of the country X in the census year 2001?
1) 1050 million      2) 1129 million    3) 1000 million     4) 743 million      5) 1029 million
15. The total population of the country X was approximately how much more in the census year 1931 with respect to the same in the census year 1921?
1) 23 million        2) 29 million       3) 25 million      4) 32 million    5) 34 million
16. The population of urban area in the census year 1941 was approximately what percent of the same in the census year 1951?
1) 55%      2) 60%         3) 62%       4) 65%      5) 70%

Passage(Questions From 17-21): A spate of soul-searching is guaranteed by two major anniversaries that loom this year: the abolition of the slave trade in the British empire in 1807, and the Act of Union of England and Scotland in 1707. Both will feed into Britain's nagging sense of self-doubt: who are we? As the debates around integrated and multi-culturalism show no sign of flagging, both anniversaries will be mind for their contemporary relevance.
Television programmes, books, ceremonies, conferences, and newspaper supplements have been in the planning for months.
Some might regard this self-referentialism as tedious; they might advocate an apology for the slave trade and let's be done with 2007's anniversaries. But our reckoning with British history has been so limited that these two anniversaries provide us with a good opportunity for an overdue reality check.

Any chance of reinventing a plausible national identity now (as many are keen to do) is only possible if we develop a much better understanding of how our nation behaved in the past and how nationalisms (English, Scottish, and British) were elaborately created over the past few hundred years — and how incomplete and fragile that process always was.
The coincidence of these two anniversaries is fortuitous. The abolition of the slave trade is a painful reminder of British imperial history, which we have, incredible, managed to largely forget. Who remembers the Bengal famine or Hola camp, the empire's opium trade with China or our invention of concentration camps in the Boer war? We too easily overlook how empire was a linchpin to British national identity, vital to welding Scotland and England together. Indeed, historian Linda Colley suggests three ingredients for British identity: “Great Britain is an invented nation that was not founded on the suppression of older loyalties so much as superimposed on them, and that was heavily dependent for its raison d'etre on a broadly Protestant culture, on the treat and tonic of recurrent war, especially war with France, and on the triumphs, profits and Otherness represented by a massive overseas empire.”
These three props for Britishness have collapsed: Protestant Christianity has declined sharply, war with France is the pastime only of a few drunken football fans, and the empire is no more. No wonder Britishness is no the decline; over the past couple of decades, people have become increasingly likely to define themselves in polls as English or Scottish rather than British.
This is the social trend in defining identity that politicians such as Gordon Brown watch closely. Could this re-emergence of the older loyalties to which Ms Colley refers have political consequences? Could the Scottish National Party translate that into significant electoral gains in the Scottish elections only a few days after the official commemoration of the Act of Union in May?
It's not just the Scots who could decide they've had enough of the English — the feeling could become mutual. The grumbles are getting louder about Scottish MPs who vote on legislation affecting the English and the disproportionate amount of public spending swallowed up by the Scots.
Mr Brown clearly has a vested interest in stilling such complaints. He's been at the forefront of an establishment attempt to redefine Britishness on the grounds of “common values” such as fair play and tolerance.

Who is going to define Englishness? Julian Baggini has a stab at it in a book to be published in March, Welcome to Every town: A Journey into the English Mind. He spent six months living in Rotherham to get beyond the metropolitan, liberal elite's perceptions of Englishness and establish what most people (that is, the white working class) understand by their Englishness.

Parochial, tightly knit, focused on family and local communities; nostalgic, fearful of the future and insecure; a dogged belief in common sense: these are his conclusions. Mr Baggini confesses to feeling that his six months in Rotherham was like visiting a foreign country, and no doubt many of the people he met would regard six months in London as profoundly alienating. How do you weld national identities out of global metropolises disconnected from hinterland? Englishness is riven with huge regional and class divides. The stakes are high — for example, a rising British National Party vote, a fear of asylum, and hostility to Islam. The anniversary of the Act of union will provide a stage for all this to be played out. It's just as painful a commemoration for the English as for the Scottish. It required one nation to lose its sovereignty and the other its identity.
17. According to the passage, the two major anniversaries will
1) give an impetus to the questioning of British national identity.
2) set the Britons thinking who they really are.
3) be just another occasion to raise the issue of British national identity.
4) be just another occasion to give rise to a debate on multiculturalism.
5) not be celebrated because of the shame attached with slave trade.
18. According to Linda Colley, Great Britain owes its nation-state concept to
1) ceding of its territory by Scotland to England.
2) a shared relation of race, religion and economy.
3) what can today be seen as a concept of free trade area.
4) the perpetuation of slave trade.
5) commonality of interest between its constituents.

19. Going by the passage, which of the following may instill a sense of national identity among the Britons?
1) The return of Catholics to the Protestant fold
2) Britain going to war with Germany
3) Britain going to war as an Allied force
4) Regular football matches between British and French clubs
5) Any of the above

20. According to the facts stated in the passage, if England and Scotland decide to split,
1) it is the former that stands to gain.
2) it is the latter that stands to gain.
3) it will be a win-win situation.
4) it will be a lose-lose situation.
5) both the parties will lose their face but gain materially

21. According to the passage, the post-modern mind views imperialism as
1) something that was necessary in the context of the times.
2) a thing of the past which need not be mentioned further.
3) a blot on the history of mankind.
4) the white man's burden.
5) a concept relevant even in the present times, given the inability of the developing countries to catch up with the West.

22. Oranges are bought at 7 for Rs.3. At what rate per hundred must they be sold to gain 33%?
(1) Rs.56           (2) Rs.60       (3) Rs.58         (4) Rs.57
23.The cost price of 36 books is equal to the selling price of 30 books. The gain is :
(1) 20%              (2) 16%        (3) 18%          (4) 82%

24.A person sells two machines at Rs.396 each. On one he gains 10% and on the other he loses 10% .His profit or loss in the whole transaction is :
(1) No gain, no loss     (2) 1% loss      (3) 1% profit         (4) 8% profit
25.A trader bought 10kg of apples for Rs.405 out of which 1kg of apples were found to be rotten. If he wishes to make a profit of 10%, at what rate should he sell the remaining apples per kg?
(1) Rs.45          (2) Rs.49.50      (3) Rs.50         (4) Rs. 51

1. (5) 2. (2) 3. (4) 4. (1) 5. (3)
6. (1) 7. (1) 8. (1) 9. (2)
10. (3) 11. (2) 12.(3) 13. (2) 14. (5) 15. (2)
16. (5) 17. (1) 18. (5) 19. (2) 20.(1)
21. (3) 22.(4) 23.(1) 24 (2) 25(2)

Wipro Interview Experiance at Bangalore some important tips

hi here is the interview experience of one of my friend at wipro bangalore  
In selection process there will b 3 rounds..
1) aptitude test mobile communication  & automation....
Sir: u r selected take this form & fill it up....


Me: may I come in sir?
He: come in (he  with small smile on his face) sit down
Me: good evening Sir...
He: Manu is this physics lab
Me: yes sir....(he saw Max Plancks picture on the wall)
He: tell me about Max Planck
Me:( I was surprised like i had never expected anything like this) then i told him that he is a scientist then he asked me about his contributions... i told him about Plancks contant.....& he asked me about quantum theory
(nothing came to my mind at that moment) I told him frankly that I don’t remember (with smile) anything about quantum theory...
He:ok Manu...u have secured 84%agre .... tell me about your cet rank & about your current position in your class
Me: I told him that my pos was 470 & i stood 2nd in my class....
He: so your marks graph is not consistent.... u have got 80,90,81,82,75...so next you’ll score 70
Me: Definitely no sir.... i have done well this semester exams...so ill surely get above 78 sir...
He: k where do u c yourself in next 3 r 5 yrs from now...
Me: sir I would like to b a team lead .... take up challenging projects....help my teammates to achieve the target..
He: k Manu I don’t have any challenging projects.... so what will u do.... will u do whatever I give u?
Me: yes sir... ill do whatever u give... n add my own innovative ideas to it....
He: what all questions were there in technical round?
Me: (I told him al that I told u above..... it was just like an another technical round)
He: y didn’t u take up any paper presentation?
Me: I like to do one sir... but I ddi’nt find time...as I am into so many other extra curriculum activities...like....
presently i m working as an active member of -- Organisation,i do anchoring spiritual functions....&  so on ( i told him about my interests in spiritual science & social service...)
He: k tell when will u do paper presentation?
Me: I thought of doing it in my 7th semester sir....
He: do u have any questions?
Me: yes sir, i heard that Wipro doesn’t give call letter even after a year.. is that true sir?
He: yes...(he told something about demand& so on) but it depends on the college & its reputation....we do give fast response  to top colleges like rvce pesit ....
u can leave...
Me: thank u sir
hey guys.... i would like to give u some tips.....
do have good eye contact with the person who is on the other side,
smile whenever necessary be lively,
be CONFIDENT in whatever u speak
sit straight as much as possible
go to the interview decently don’t show your bad attitude
believe in god...... he should bless.... we should get ... all the very best!

WIPRO Paper- GITA,Bhubaneswar

The written test composed of 3 sections.
1)Verbal Ability
2)Aptitude & Analytical Reasoning

In the Verbal Ability qn. Based on fill in the blanks,antonyms,synonyms,idioms etc. were there.You also hav to correct the
sentences choosing the answer from the options given.All in all the qn. was a standard one & needed time to do.It consisted of 20
The Analytical Reasoning qn. were good & consisted of problems on car parking,probability,profit & loss,time & work,train
timing problem,sitting arrangement & time & distance.Practise of R.S Agarwal is sufficient for this.
The technical qn. were short & consisted of qn. based on logic gates,finding outputs,data structure,prefix, for loop,unix & what is
used in the CRT monitor.A firm & basic knowledge can easily help in the technical section.
Now after the break through in written the technical PI took place.In this qn. based on stack,recursion,program on recursion were
asked from me.Topics related to my Mechanical branch on internal combustion engine were also asked.So knowledge of branch
paper is must as they will look for ur dedication towards ur branch subjects.
The last round of WIPRO was of HR PI.In this the HR persons just want an interaction with u on ur personal profile,family
background,strengths & weakness & knowledge of their company.
So,friends b confident in ur answers & expressions as at each & every level they r going to check this in u in different manner.Hav
a believe in urself so that at any time u don’t feel down & nervous.Also, presence of mind is must.So hope for the best to c u in
the world of WIPRO

What is the procedure to join Indian Army? What is the Criteria for selection and also what are the qualifications required for admission?

To join in Indian Army,you should have either complete 12th class or Graduation Degree.

NDA Exam Details:
If you have complete 12th class recently,then you can appear for NDA exam.Through this exam,you can join Indian Army.Actually this exam take three different wings that Indian Air Force wings,Indian Navy wings and Indian Army wings.As you want to join in Indian Army,so here is eligibility criteria for NDA (Indian Army).

Eligibility criteria for NDA(Indian Army):
You should have complete 12th class with any stream from a recognized university.
And your age should be between 16 1/2 to 19 years.

If you fulfill with this criteria,then you can appear for NDA exam of this year.
Issuing of application form from 31st Dec 2011 to 30th Jan 2012.
And exam will held on 15th April 2012.

CDS Exam Details:
If you have complete graduation degree,then you can appear fro CDS exam.This exam is also conducted by UPSC.This exam is conducted to take qualified students into different defense service like Indian Air Force,Indian Navy wings and Indian Army.As you are interest in Indian Army,here is the eligibility criteria for CDS(Indian Army).

Eligibility criteria for CDS(Indian Army) exam:
You should have complete graduation degree with any stream from recognized university.
And your age should be between 19 to 24 years.

If you fulfill with this criteria,then you can appear this year CDS exam.CDS exam is conducted twice in year.First CDS exam notification was closed on 28th Nov 2011.So you can apply for second notification i.e
Issuing of application form from 2nd June 2012 to 2nd July 2012.
And exam will held on 16th Sep 2012.

Selection Procedure:
Selection Procedure for this two exam is same.First you should clear Written exam.After that their will be SSB interview for 5 day.If you clear SSB interview also.Then you can get offer letter to join Indian Army.

You can fill the application form online,by clicking on below link between the dates as mentioned in both exam notification.
Visit official website for more details.

NDA Exam Pattern, And Details

If You can prepare well to your study books then you can definitely get admission in NDA.You can prepare now GK portion and Mathematics portion.

The selection procedure for NDA exam is 1) Written Test. 2) Personal Interview.

For information on NDA exam visit UPSC official website:

Preparing for NDA? how to prepare...



  • Sets,relations and functions
  • Complex numbers
  • Quadratic Equations
  • Permutations and Combinations
  • Binomial Theorem
  • Sequence and Series
  • Matrices and Determinants
  • Trigonometry
  • Co-ordinate Geometry
  • Circles and Conic Sections
  • Vectors
  • 3D Geometry
  • Limits and Continuity
  • Differentiation
  • Integral Calculus
  • Statistics
  • Probability


  • Basic Concepts
  • Motion
  • Gravitation
  • Work and Energy
  • Sound
  • Light- Reflection and Refraction
  • Electricity
  • Magnetic Effects of Current
  • Sources of Energy
  • Human Eye and the Colourful World
  • Heat and Thermodynamics
  • Transference of Heat
  • Solids and Semi-conductors Devices
  • Acid, Bases and Salts Test
  • Carbon and its Compounds
  • Structure of the Atom
  • Force and Laws of Motion
  • s - Block Elements
  • p - Block Elements
  • Fundamental Unit of Life
  • Tissues
  • Life Processes
  • Control and Coordination
  • How do Organisms Reproduce
  • Improvement in Food Resources


  • Antonym Take Test
  • Synonym/Word meaning
  • Comprehension
  • Spotting Errors
  • Sentence Arrangment
  • Meaning for Idioms and Phrases
  • Vocabulary
  • Antonym/Synonym
  • Grammar
  • History
  • Geography
  • Indian Polity
  • General Awareness

What is the full form NDA ?

NDA is the National Defense Academy which is the Defense academy which selects the candidates in to these Defense Sectors through some of the following Selection Procedures and this NDA selections are conducted by the UPSC board which is the one of the government under taken which conducts the Examinations for many of the government related examinations..........
               The UPSC is the Union Public Service Commission which conducts the Examinations for many of the Services and also the NDA is taken up by the UPSC board...........

The National Defense Academy conducts the Examination or the selection procedures for the three types of Defense Services and the Defense Services which are available through the NDA are........
*Air Force
*Indian Army
These are the three types of the NDA services which are taken up by the NDA and it conducts the selection procedures such as the
The Selection is based up on mainly of two types of selection processes and they are of....
*Written Test
*Intelligence test or the personality test
These are the two main test up on which the selection procedures are done and the candidates who had been selected in these tests will be called for the next rounds of the selection procedures and then you will be selected for any one of the Defense Sectors depending up on your qualifications........

There are some of the qualifications which are required in order to appear for the Defense Services.some of the Qualifications needed are.......
>>You need to have attained the age of 161/2 years and must not exceed the age of 19 years
>>Should have qualified the 12th class of study under the Indian Government Recognization
candidates who wish to appear for the Indian army can do the 12th class of study under the any one of the discipline of study......
candidates who wish to appear for the Naval or the Indian air force must have completed the 12th with the Physics and Mathematics background of study......
>.Candidates who wish to appear for the NDA must be the male candidates who are un married are only eligible for the NDA selections..........
These are some of the qualifications which are required in order to get in to the NDA.........

After completing the written test and the general intelligence test there are other test of selection process such as the Group discussions,Medical Tests.........
These are about the NDA examination............

job alert for pune ppls at ATOS

Interviews in ATOS :- Walk in for freshers
@Pune on Tuesday 28th August 2012
Requirements -
criteria ....
2011/12 PASS OUT.... SHUD HAVE 60%
Visit Pune office (Embassy tech zone, Bld
1.6, Phase2, Hinjewadi, Pune)

Graduate Trainee at Logica

Analysts will perform:
- Almost zero touch installations of Operating system (OS)
- Deployments and upgrades to OS
- Package Images of software (as per clients requirement)

- Software auditing and license management
- IT Asset management services
- Patch management
- Desktop Security solutions
- Good Communication (Grammar, Comprehension, Clarity of Speech)

Location : Chennai, Bengaluru/Bangalore
Experience: 0 yrs
Education: (UG – Diploma – Any Specialization, B.Sc – Any Specialization, B.Com – Commerce, B.A – Any Specialization, B.B.A – Management, BCA – Computers) AND (PG – Post Graduation Not Required)

Desired Candidate Profile:
Education Qualification : BSc/BCA/BA/BCom/BBM/3 years Diploma after 10th or 12th Std
Year of passing : 2011 or 2012 (Experienced candidates are not eligible)
Minimum percentage: 60% aggregate throughout Academics (X, XII, Graduation, Diploma)
Mode of Employment: Contract

Company Profile:
Logica is a leading IT and business services company, employing 40,000 people. It provides business consulting, systems integration, and IT and business process outsourcing services. Logica works closely with its customers to release their potential – enabling change that increases their efficiency, accelerates growth and manages risk. It applies its deep industry knowledge, technical excellence and global delivery expertise to help its customers build leadership positions in their markets. Logica is listed on both the London Stock Exchange and Euronext (Amsterdam) (LSE: LOG; Euronext: LOG).

For Engineering and MCA students


iits aur aieeee ke sadme ke maare..
ho jaate hain anjaane universities ke hawale..
har kisi ke dil mei hota hai ragging ka dar..
samajh mei nahin aata kahan se nikle..
jo bach jaaye senior se kal..
pakde jaate hain kahin bhi..
to ho jaata hai dimaag kharaab......
jab senior bolta hai junior se
abe junior....ninet y maar ninety maar..
din gujarte hai freshers party aati hai....
saath mei ragging ka dar uda le jaati hai..
har dil mei hoti hai topper banene ki hasrat..
kitabon se milti nahin kisi ko bhi fursat...
ek ek no ke liye marte hai hum sab..
sab paar karte hain 70 ki sarhad....


senior banene ka hota hai humko abhimaan..
sab junior ho jaate hain savdhaan...
frnds bat jaate hain kai groups mei....
har koi dikhta hai naye looks mei...
padhaai mei to dil nahin lagta kisi ka..
har koi dhundta hai mauka propose karne ko kisi ka..
raat bharhum sab baaton mei bitaate hain..
subah har roj college ko gariyaate hain...
har kisi ko yahi lagta hai ki usko pyaar ho gaya..
uff ab to jeena bhi duswaar ho gaya......
kuch successful ho jaate hai to apne
doston ko nai tricks batate hain...
izzat itni milti hai ki jisko dekh muskurate hain....
hosh jab thikaane aata hai to khoob chilaate hain....
are yaar ye 60s ki line kahan se aa gayi
chalo ab SHIVANI aajmaate hain...(famous question bank books )


Third year aati hai apni jimedaari ka ehsaas dilaati hai..
kyunki agle saal placement ki tension satati hai...
par jab bhi kambaqt padhne ko baithete hain
to ek baar uski yaad jaroor satati hai.....
nai nai technology seekhne ka josh aata hai..
koi java to koi .net ko apna career banane ka khwaab sajata hai....
attendence aur detain list aati hai sakhya kuch jyada hi bad jaati hai.....
sessnls mei marks kaise laaye jayen ye ab samajh mei aa jata hai.......
desk aur parci ka option jo mil jata hai mehnat sabki rang laati hai....
padhaai ki gaadi back on track aati hai.....


final year aata hai aur doston meifaasle badata hai...
har koi chehra tension mei nazar aata hai.......
kyunki kya kya karen ye samajh mei nahin aata hai....
dil aage ki soch ke gabraata hai kambaqt har din bahut jaldi gujar
jata hai...
intezaar khatm hota hai aur placement ka din aa jata hai...
dil mei bas dar hi reh jata hai......
har koi uper waale ko yaad karta hai...
bas mujhe placed kara de ye har waqt fariyaad karta hai...
tension badti jaati hai jab interview ka waqt aata hai...
tell me abt urself? mei kya bolein confusion badta jaata hai...
dil ki dhadkan tej hoti hai jab result aata hai..
par kisi dost ka na ho dil roye ya hanse ye samajh mei nahin aata
Unplaced dost aksar nazein churate hain....
aur dil ko har baar ghaayal kar jate hain.........
kuch din final sem dene ke baad har koi apne raaste nikal jata hai.....
sayad yahi zindagi hai ek anjana safar
waqt chupke se humse yahi keh jata hai.....
dil mei ek kasak hoti hai.....
jab har aankein nam hoti hai........
phir milne ke waade se hum ek doosre ka sahas badaate hain.......
kabhi na akele rehne waale dost bas yaadon ke sahare jindagi bitate
hain........... ..
lekin jab bhi yeh college ke din yaad aate hain..
aankhon mei haseen aur aansun ek
saath laate hain.....

Engineering Rockxxxxx :) :)

Aren’t you overqualified for this position? - How to Answer

Question 8    Aren’t you overqualified for this position?

TRAPS:  The employer may be concerned that you’ll grow dissatisfied and leave.

BEST ANSWER:  As with any objection, don’t view this as a sign of imminent defeat.  It’s an invitation to teach the interviewer a new way to think about this situation, seeing advantages instead of drawbacks.

Example:  “I recognize the job market for what it is – a marketplace.  Like any marketplace, it’s subject to the laws of supply and demand.  So ‘overqualified’ can be a relative term, depending on how tight the job market is.  And right now, it’s very tight.  I understand and accept that.”
“I also believe that there could be very positive benefits for both of us in this match.”
“Because of my unusually strong experience in ________________ , I could start to contribute right away, perhaps much faster than someone who’d have to be brought along more slowly.”
“There’s also the value of all the training and years of experience that other companies have invested tens of thousands of dollars to give me.  You’d be getting all the value of that without having to pay an extra dime for it.  With someone who has yet to acquire that experience, he’d have to gain it on your nickel.”
“I could also help you in many things they don’t teach at the Harvard Business School.  For example…(how to hire, train, motivate, etc.)  When it comes to knowing how to work well with people and getting the most out of them, there’s just no substitute for what you learn over many years of front-line experience.  You company would gain all this, too.”
“From my side, there are strong benefits, as well.   Right now, I am unemployed.  I want to work, very much, and the position you have here is exactly what I love to do and am best at.  I’ll be happy doing this work and that’s what matters most to me, a lot more that money or title.”
“Most important, I’m looking to make a long term commitment in my career now. I’ve had enough of job-hunting and want a permanent spot at this point in my career.  I also know that if I perform this job with excellence, other opportunities cannot help but open up for me right here.  In time, I’ll find many other ways to help this company and in so doing, help myself.  I really am looking to make a long-term commitment.”
NOTE:  The main concern behind the “overqualified” question is that you will leave your new employer as soon as something better comes your way.  Anything you can say to demonstrate the sincerity of your commitment to the employer and reassure him that you’re looking to stay for the long-term will help you overcome this objection.

Indian Air Force - SSC (Meteorological Branch)

Indian Air Force, Applications are invited from Male Indian Citizens as are Citizenship Act 1955 for the following courses commencing in July 2013 for grant of Permanent/ Short Service Commission in Meteorological Branch

Qualification :
Post Graduate Degree in any Science stream/ Mathematics/ Statistics/ Geography/ Computer Applications/ Environmental Science/ Applied Physics/ Oceanography/ Meteorology/ Agricultural Meteorology/ Ecology & Environment/ Geo- Physics/ Environmental Biology with minimum 50% marks in aggregate all papers put together (Provided Maths and Physics were studied at Graduation level, with a minimum of 55% marks in both).

Note : Candidates appearing in final year/ semester examinations may also apply provided they fulfill the prescribed conditions

Age Limit : 20-25 yrs

Physical Standards : Height and Weight : Minimum Height : Men- 157.5 Cms with with correlated weight. All other medical criteria would criteria would be evaluated by the Air Force Medical Authorities whose decision on the fitness would be final.

Selection Procedure : Candidates are short-listed will be called for testing at one of the Air Force Selection Boards at Dehradun, Mysore, Gandhinagar or Varanasi.

Candidates are to complete the application form in the prescribed format and forward the same to Post Bag No. 001, Nirman Bhawan Post Office, New Delhi- 110106 by ordinary post on or before 31st August, 2012. Super scribed the envelop with 'Application For Meteorological Branch Course Commencing from July 2012'. Application must be accompanied with One set self addressed envelop (size - 23x10cm) with Rs. 27 postage stamp. Two un attested recent color photographs similar to the one pasted on the application form.

Last Date : 31 August 12

Click Here For More Details:

UPSC - Assistant Commandants(CAPF) Examination

The Union Public Service Commission conducts Central Armed police Forces (Asst Commandants) Examination , 2012( Written Examination on 11th November, 2012 )

Minimum Educational Qualifications:
A candidate must hold a Bachelor’s degree of a University incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University under Section-3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956 or possess an equivalent qualification. Note 1 : Candidates who have appeared at an examination the passing of which would render them educationally qualified for the Commission’s examination but have not been informed of the results as also the candidates who intend to appear at such a qualifying examination in the year 2012 will also be eligible for admission to the examination. Such candidates will be admitted to the examination if otherwise eligible but the admission would be deemed to be provisional and subject to cancellation if they do not produce proof of having passed the requisite examination along with the Detailed Application Form which will be required to be submitted online by the candidates who after qualifying on the result of the written part of the examination are also declared qualified in the Physical Standards/ Physical Efficiency Tests and Medical Standards Tests.

Age Limits : (a) A candidate must have attained the age of 20 years and must not have attained the age of 25 years on 1st August, 2012,

Physical Standards : Candidates must meet the prescribed Physical and Medical Standards for admission to Central Armed Police Forces (Assistant Commandants), Examination 2012 specified in Appendix-V of the Notice. Possession of NCC ‘B’ or ‘C’ Certificates : Possession of NCC ‘B’ or ‘C’ Certificate will be a desirable qualification. These qualifications will be given consideration at the time of Interview/ Personality Test

Selection Procedure/Scheme: The Selection Procedure/Scheme of the Exam. will be as follows: (i) Written Examination: The written examination to be conducted by Union Public Service Commission will be held on 11th November, 2012 and will comprise two papers. Paper I will be held from 10 a.m. to 12.00 Noon and Paper II will be held from 2.00 p.m. to 5.00 p.m.

Application Fee: Candidates (excepting Female/SC/STcandidates who are exempted from payment of fee) are required to pay a fee of Rs. 200/- (Rupees Two Hundred Only) either by depositing the money in any Branch of SBI by cash, or by using net banking facility of SBI, State Bank of Bikaner & Jaipur/State Bank of Hyderabad/State Bank of Mysore /State Bank of Patiala/State Bank of Travancore or by using Visa/Master Credit/Debit Card.

Last Date: 27 August 12

Click Here For More Details:

IIT Kanpur - Project Engineer

Applications are invited for the following project vacancy in ARDB sponsored Project. The position is purely temporary.

Project Engineer

Minimum Qualifications:
A minimum of M. Tech. in either of Mechanical/Aerospace Engineering. The candidates with B. Tech in Mechanical/Aerospace Engineering with 3 years of work experience in “combustion modeling” are also eligible for the advertised position.

Essential: Profound knowledge of Programming, CFD, Grid generation, Combustion, Fluent. The candidates with most suitable background for the present project will be preferred.

Application on plain paper with bio-data and all relevant documents should reach the undersigned

before 24th August, 2012. No email application will be entertained.

Last Date : 24 August 12

Click Here For More Details:

CDAC- Mohali (Punjab Irrigation Dept Recruitment) - Jr. Engineer

CDAC- Mohali (Punjab Irrigation Dept Recruitment), recruiting applications for the post of Jr. Engineer

Jr. Engineer

Should possess three years Diploma of Junior Engineering or Mechanical Engineering or Electrical Engineering from a State Technical Education Board or from a recognized university or institution.

Age Limit : Candidate age must be between 18 to 37 years

Application Fee : Candidates need to pay application fee of Rs. 1000/- in case of unreserved candidates and Rs. 750/- in case of reserved candidates.

Last Date: 30 August 12

Click Here For More Details:


CV Template for Linux Developer or Administrator

A Linux developer works on various Linux and network infrastructure projects in order to improve the performance of the organization by delivering new features and services. S/he works with the business developers and the system administrators to plan and set up new infrastructures and also to modify the existing infrastructures.

Sample Linux Developer CV Template
Eric Bickel
40, River Road
New York, NY
Contact No: 212 519 2485
Email Id: ebickel@ute.edu

Professional Summary
With sound leadership skills and after attaining three plus years of experience as a Linux
developer, I now have the ability to understand the specific business objectives and to
prioritize multiple projects accordingly. I have extensive experience in Red Hat
enterprise versions 4, 5 and 6.

Career Objective
Seeking a job role as a Linux developer so that I can make use of my acquired skills in providing high quality software solutions to your organization.

Work Experience
Mantech , 2010-Till Date
             Linux Developer
Technica, 2008-2009, Linux Developer

My major job functions included:
    * Designing, developing, coding ad testing new software.
    * Working with the development team to resolve various software problems.
    * Developing test plans and scripts from product specifications.
    * Troubleshooting and debugging failures.
    * Creating detailed reports of the errors.
    * Administering day to day activities of the Linux servers.
    * Troubleshooting system performance issues and connectivity issues, in association with the development team.
    * Working with vendors to test and evaluate new hardware and software solutions.

Educational Qualifications
    * Bachelor degree in Computer Science engineering.
Stock University 2006
    * Pursued Linux System Administrator professional course.
Scott Institute of Technology 2007

Technical Skills
    * Linux programming experience.
    * Strong knowledge of scripting language such as PERL and PYTHON.
    * Basic knowledge of MySQL administration and Oracle database administration.
    * Basic knowledge of STIG implementation.
    * Strong understanding of internal operating system and device drivers.
    * Experience of Linux shell scripting and Kernel configuration.

Writng a Resume- For Web Developer

Web Developer Resume
         Resume or CV is your presenter in job interview and placement scenario, therefor it should be designed and written neatly so that it should present you, your skills, your qualities, and it makes the interviewer to judge you,
 Here are some important points you should consider in your Resume/ CV

1. Contact Information: First of all your web developer resume should have your contact Information which should be placed at the top with your contact number and email-id, so that the employer can contact you.
For example:
Contact Information:
  1. Full Name
  2. Complete  Address
  3. Contact Number
  4. Email id
2. Objective: This section is the most important section of your resume. This section includes a brief statement that why you want to join the company for the desired position, your goals and how can you benefits the company.

3. Professional Details and Experience: This section includes your achievements and experience in your field of interest. You should highlight you past achievements, best skills and projects in which you have worked.
  1. Mention the companies in which you have worked
  2. Your past achievements
4. Software Skills: Mention your knowledge in software field and the language in which you are proficient and worked on. List the specific languages.

For example:
  1. JDBC
  2. ODBC
  3. ASP.NET
  4. PHP
 5. Web Skills: Give the details of the web designing skills which you pursue and worked on.
For example –
  1. Adobe Photoshop
  2.  HTML
  3.  Graphic and web designing software.
6.  Academic Details: This section includes you academic qualification like your bachelor and master degree, your marks, the college which you attended, location of your college
  1. Your  degree and marks
  2. College you have attended
  3. Location of your college
  4. Any other certifications and licenses
7. Key Traits: Mention your specialities and capabilities like
  1.  Working under pressure
  2.  Extensive experience of dealing with clients
  3. Managing skills
  4. Working in team
8. Interests: Include your hobbies and interests. You can mention your interest related to the job and apart from it. For example – photography, travelling, gaming, movies, music, etc.

9. References: Don’t mention the references directly. You can write references available on request.
Means don't write the reference on your resume unless you have told to write

Share with your friend and don't forget to comment............

IBM Aptitude Test Paper

1. Speed of boat in still water is 10kmph..if it travels 24km downstream,16km upstream in the same
amount of time,what is the speed of the stream?
2. A cube of 3 units is painted on all sides. If this cube is divided into cubes of 1 unit,how many cube
have none of their faces painted?
(e)none of these
3. If a person sells a product for rs141/- he suffers a loss of 6%.if he has to have a profit of 10%,
at what price should he sell it?
ans. rs.165 (i think,check)
4. A ball falls from a height of 8ft ,bounces back to half the distance & continues till it comes to rest.
what is the total distance travelled by the ball?
(d)cannot be determined
5. Which of the following is the sum of 3 consecutive prime nos?
(c)both a &b
6. If the area of a square has increased by 69%,by what % has its side increased?
7. In a class the average age is 16yrs.if the teacher who is 40 yrs of age is also included ,the average
17yrs,how many students were there?
8. If 3 houses are to be painted,mr A can paint a house in 6 days(nos are not same)...mr B can do the
same in 8
days...& mr.C in 12 days.if mr A does the work for 8 days & leaves for vacation, & mr B continues
the work
for the next 6 days, for how many days should mr.C work?
ans:11 days(check)
9. 4 thieves rob a bakery of the breadone after the other. each thief takes half of what is present ,& half
bread...if at the end 3 bread remains,what is the no of bread that was present initiallly?
10. If the 1rst day of 1999 is a sunday,what is the last day?
(d)cannot be determined.
11. If A driver drives a car four times a lap 10,20 30,60 kmph what is his average speed.
In a group there are two kinds of people type A & type B.type A people answer for any question as
that of type B as NO.if they can not answer to these question then they remain silent. the mayor
asks question to
them as follows........
12. If he asks a person are u type A
a.YES b.NO c. Silent d.Can not be determined
13. He asks two persons X &Ysimultaneously whether u of same type
a. YES b. NO c.YES or NO d. Silent e. can not be determined
14. Pointing to a person X he asks Y what is his type
a. YES b. No c. Silent d can not be determined
15. Pointing to a person X he asks Y if I ask him whether r u type A ,will he answer YES.Y says
NO .what type
of B is
a. YES b. NO . c. Silent d. can not be determined
16. Six squares of same dimension are kept side by side to make a rectangle with a perimeter of 182
cm. what is
the perimeter of each square.
ans) 52.
17. One student takes 20 mins to reach school if he goes at a speed of 15kmph .At what speed should
he go to
reach in 15 mins ( nos are not same) ans: 16kmph( check)
18. How many rational numbers are there between 0 & 5
19. A certain number of bullets were shared by 3 people equally.Each of them fired 4 bullets and the
sum of the
remaining bullets was equal to the initial share each had got.what was the initial number of bullets?
ans:18..( 18/3=6;
20. A trigger is
(a) a statement ..start of database..
(b)statements that r executed as a side effect to the modification to the database
ans (b)
21. What does the following statement mean?
int (*a)[4]
(a)'a' is a pointer to an array of 4 integers
(b)'a' is an array of pointers to integer
(c)'a' is a pointer to function returning an integer
22. Best method to find out whether a given array already sorted,is sorted or not in min. time
ans. insertion sort (check)
23. A primary key in one table also present in some other table is called
(a)foreign key
(b)secondary key
(c)subordinate key
ans. foreign key
24. Which of the following is a real time system?
(a)robotics control
(b)airline ticket reservation(ans)
25. A question to convert a big no in decimal to octal(check only for the last 2 nos in ans is sufficient)
26. Which of the following is an example of a spooling device?
(b)line printer..
27. If in a table:account no,account holders name,account type ,.....(something else was given)are the
of them could be the primary key?
(a)account no(ans)
(b)account holders name
(c)account type
28. If a file is opened in "r+" mode(in C),it means
(a) write
29. What is the difference between 123 and 0123 in c?
30. Software Configuration Management process is -
(a)developing & managing software for .....software....
(b)developing & managing hardware for....software.......
31. Data Integrity constraint is
(a)to ensure the presence of primary key
32. Which of the following uses the minimum length of cable?
(e)all of the above
31. How can u append the ls and who to certain existing file (like that)(i.e.listing & output of who is to
be directed
to a file
34. Suppose u have a network .users complain of slow ....u suspect a problem in network adapter once
u find that
the data is continuous and erroneous. what device do u use?
(c)protocol... checking
(d)all of the above
35. What is vector processing?
36. x-=y+1 is equivalent to what?
37. In a student form what is the relationship
b/w student and course
(a)one to one
(b)many to one
(c)one to many
(d)many to many
38. ROM is
(b)permanent & fast
(c)device containig boot up program & is not accessible


1. How many segment registers are there in the 8086 processor?
a) 4 b) 6 c) 8 d) none
Ans: a
2. What is the addressing mode of this instruction MOV AL, [BX];
a) direct addressing mode
b) register indirect addressing mode
ANS: b I am not sure of it.
3. What is the type of file system used in the CD ROM?
a) VFAT B)
4) About CPU I think but answer is DMA.
5) If we double the clock speed, then?
a) It increases the speed of the processor b) It increases the speed of the system bus c) both of
the above D) None
6) Data recovery is done in which layer?
a) physical b) datalink c) network d) transport
7) What is thrashing?
ANS: swapping in and out the pages frequently from memory.
8) By using 3 nodes how many trees can be formed?
9) They give one tree, and ask the post order traversal for that tree?
10) Page cannibalation is?
Aptitude section:
1) They give one scenario and ask questions on that. that is easy. Those are 5 questions.
2) They ask 2 questions in English, I didn't answer those ones. They are - Find the odd one?
3) They give 2 questions on missing digits. They r matrix type, I didn't remember the questions,
But I know answers.
for first one 8. For second one 28 is the answer.
4)Two persons start walking from the same place in opposite directions. After walking for 4
mts, both of them take the left and walk for another 3 mts. Then
what is the distance b/w them?
Ans:10 mt.
5)One person start from his home towards college which is 53 km far away. Another person
started from college towards home after an hour. the speed of first one is 4kmph and the second
one is 3 kmph. Then, what is the distance from home to their meeting point?
AND:21 km.
6)3 machines can complete the work in 4,5, and 6 hours respectively. due to power failures they
did the work alternatively. Then what is time taken to complete the work?
7)Two persons take the pair of dies and throws them. If 12 appers first one wins, If two
consecutives 7 s appear then second one wins. What is the probability to
win first one in the game?
a)6/15 b)3/13 c)2/13
8)Two questions on figures .They give five figures ,and change them sequentially, u have to
find 6 th one. They give 4 choices.
9)one more Q. on number sequence.
C Programming:
1) what is name of the operator in passing variable no. of arguments to function?
ANS: Ellipsis
2) main()
printf("%d%d"size of ("Hcl
technologies"),strlen("HCL Technologies"));
a)16 16 b)16 17 c)17 17 d)17 16
3) main()
{ char arr[]={ '
some more instructions;
4) main()
{ int arr[]={0,1,2,3,4)
int *a={arr, arr+1,arr+2,...}
int **p=a;
some instructions:
ANS:1 1 1
5)They give one Q on 3-d array?
6)one Question on ++ and && operators.
7)one question on logical operators
Ans:1 00 1
8)one question on the return value of scanf function ?
1) For one Q. they make the constructor in the base class as virtual and give the big program.
So, for that one ANSWER is NONE, (d).
2) In one Q. They give the prototype of the function that structure as argument .But, Structure is
defined after that and they give the program.
3) for one Q. They give the answers as 4444 ,7777, 9999.But, the answer is 6666. So, Answer is
None (d).

Some (Unknown) Facts and the Important Questions and answers

Q.  How much is the playing time of Indian National Anthem?
A.  Approx 52 seconds
Q.  What is the name of the first month of National Calendar of India?
A.  Chaitra
Q.  What kind of forests cover maximum area in India?
A.  Tropical Dry Deciduous Forests
Q.  What is the stretch of India from north to south?
A.  3200 Kms
Q.  Which Veda gives the first classification of PRAN ( Respiration)?
A.  Rig Veda
Q.  What was the name of State Bank of India Before Nationalization?
A.  Imperial Bank of India
Q.  Which Kind of Forests occupy the highest percentage in India Area Wise?
A.  Tropical Deciduous
Q.  The only paramilitary force which has an exclusive ‘Mahila Battalion’ is
A.  CRPF batch – 88
Q.  The largest paramilitary force in India
A.  Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)
Q.  Who wrote the book Tehqiq-i-Hind?
A.  Alberuni.
Q.  What was the biggest building at Mohenjodaro?
A.  AtharvaVeda.
Q.  Where does the term “GOTRA” occurs for the first time?
A.  Great Granary.
Q.  What was the first animal tamed by Neolithic people?
A.  Dog
Q.  How many granaries are there in Harappa?
A.  Six
Q.  In which Veda the famous Vedic saying “War begins in the minds of men”, is stated?
A.  AtharvaVeda
Q.  What was the other name for “Tevaram”?
A.  Dravida Veda
Q.  Where did Buddha attain enlightenment?
A.  Bodh Gaya
Q.  How many spokes are there in the “Dharma Chakra”?
A.  24
Q.  Which Pandyan King is mentioned in the “Silappadikaram”?
A.  Nedunjeliyan
Q.  In which Veda the four-fold division of society is expressly mentioned?
A.  Purusa-Sukta of Rigveda.

How to Answer - Why should I hire you?

Question 7 Why should I hire you?
           We have already discussed about this question but still this is also an important, this can help you to understand, what is the TRAP behind the Questions or the reason why the employer is asking the question to you.. as this is the Killer question you are getting the chance to impress the interviewer by answering the question in the very unique and effective manner by considering the position and the requirement of the company..
           while answering this question you have to understand the intension of the interviewer and the companies requirement and answer the question in an effective way by highlighting  your qualities suitable for that position

Here is the example how to answer this type of questions

TRAPS:  Believe it or not, this is a killer question because so many candidates are unprepared for it.  If you stammer or adlib you’ve blown it.

BEST ANSWER:  By now you can see how critical it is to apply the overall strategy of uncovering the employer’s needs before you answer questions.  If you know the employer’s greatest needs and desires, this question will give you a big leg up over other candidates because you will give him better reasons for hiring you than anyone else is likely to…reasons tied directly to his needs.
Whether your interviewer asks you this question explicitly or not, this is the most important question of your interview because he must answer this question favorably in is own mind before you will be hired.  So help him out!  Walk through each of the position’s requirements as you understand them, and follow each with a reason why you meet that requirement so well.

Example:  “As I understand your needs, you are first and foremost looking for someone who can manage the sales and marketing of your book publishing division.  As you’ve said you need someone with a strong background in trade book sales.  This is where I’ve spent almost all of my career, so I’ve chalked up 18 years of experience exactly in this area.  I believe that I know the right contacts, methods, principles, and successful management techniques as well as any person can in our industry.”
“You also need someone who can expand your book distribution channels. In my prior post, my innovative promotional ideas doubled, then tripled, the number of outlets selling our books.  I’m confident I can do the same for you.”
“You need someone to give a new shot in the arm to your mail order sales, someone who knows how to sell in space and direct mail media.  Here, too, I believe I have exactly the experience you need.  In the last five years, I’ve increased our mail order book sales from $600,000 to $2,800,000, and now we’re the country’s second leading marketer of scientific and medical books by mail.”  Etc., etc., etc.,
Every one of these selling “couplets” (his need matched by your qualifications) is a touchdown that runs up your score.  IT is your best opportunity to outsell your competition.

Here the previous discussion about this question http://www.goforexam.in/2012/06/why-should-i-hire-you-compalsary.html

CDS 2 Admit card 2012 Download - UPSC Hall Ticket Of CDS 2 Examination

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) will be published Soon CDS 2 (II) Admit card 2012 Which Examination will be Conduct
in Sept month 2012 (2nd Round) .

CDS 2 II Admit card right now available online Only For Those candidates who has appeared in Above examination . Candidates
Can Get their CDS 2 II Admit card in August Month 2012 When UPSC Will be published on official site .

If Anyone candidate don't received Admit card by Post Then you can download Duplicate Admit card , Hall Ticket 2012 Of CDS
2 (II) .

Candidates following given below links for get Further Details About UPSC CDS 2nd II Admit card - www.upsc.gov.in

How To Download CDS 2 II Admit card 2012 ?

1. First You open This link http://upsc.nic.in/

2. Right now This Website is Under Construction When Website will be open Then You click on eAdmit card option

3. After All Select Type of Examination , Year

4. Now Click On Submit BUtton . After submit button you will get automatically your duplicate admit card of CDS 2 II Exam 2012
on Your PC Screen infront of your eyes .

Note - When CDS 2 II Admit card will be published Then we will update quickly on this website so don't forget to subscribe  Your email address on www.allgovtjobs.in Website .

How to Answer - The “Silent Treatment”

Question 6:   The “Silent Treatment”

TRAPS:  Beware – if you are unprepared for this question, you will probably not handle it right and possibly blow the interview.  Thank goodness most interviewers don’t employ it.  It’s normally used by those determined to see how you respond under stress.  

Here’s how it works: You answer an interviewer’s question and then, instead of asking another, he just stares at you in a deafening silence.
You wait, growing a bit uneasy, and there he sits, silent as Mt. Rushmore, as if he doesn’t believe what you’ve just said, or perhaps making you feel that you’ve unwittingly violated some cardinal rule of interview etiquette.
When you get this silent treatment after answering a particularly difficult question , such as “tell me about your weaknesses”, its intimidating effect can be most disquieting, even to polished job hunters.
Most unprepared candidates rush in to fill the void of silence, viewing prolonged, uncomfortable silences as an invitation to clear up the previous answer which has obviously caused some problem.  And that’s what they do – ramble on, sputtering more and more information, sometimes irrelevant and often damaging, because they are suddenly playing the role of someone who’s goofed and is now trying to recoup.  But since the candidate doesn’t know where or how he goofed, he just keeps talking, showing how flustered and confused he is by the interviewer’s unmovable silence.

BEST ANSWER:  Like a primitive tribal mask, the Silent Treatment loses all it power to frighten you once you refuse to be intimidated.  If your interviewer pulls it, keep quiet yourself for a while and then ask, with sincere politeness and not a trace of sarcasm, “Is there anything else I can fill in on that point?”  That’s all there is to it.
Whatever you do, don’t let the Silent Treatment intimidate you into talking a blue streak, because you could easily talk yourself out of the position.

How to Answer - Why are you leaving (or did you leave) this position?

Question 5 :- Why are you leaving (or did you leave) this position?         

TRAPS:  Never badmouth your previous industry, company, board, boss, staff, employees or customers.  This rule is inviolable:  never be negative.  Any mud you hurl will only soil your suit.
Especially avoid words like “personality clash”, “didn’t get along”, or others which cast a shadow on your competence, integrity, or temperament.
(If you have a job presently)If you’re not yet 100% committed to leaving your present post, don’t be afraid to say so.  Since you have a job, you are in a stronger position than someone who does not.  But don’t be coy either.  State honestly what you’d be hoping to find in a new spot.  Of course, as stated often before, you answer will all the stronger if you have already uncovered what this position is all about and you match your desires to it.
(If you do not presently have a job.)Never lie about having been fired.  It’s unethical – and too easily checked.  But do try to deflect the reason from you personally.  If your firing was the result of a takeover, merger, division wide layoff, etc., so much the better.
But you should also do something totally unnatural that will demonstrate consummate professionalism.  Even if it hurts , describe your own firing – candidly, succinctly and without a trace of bitterness – from the company’s point-of-view, indicating that you could understand why it happened and you might have made the same decision yourself.
Your stature will rise immensely and, most important of all, you will show you are healed from the wounds inflicted by the firing.  You will enhance your image as first-class management material and stand head and shoulders above the legions of firing victims who, at the slightest provocation, zip open their shirts to expose their battle scars and decry the unfairness of it all.
For all prior positions:Make sure you’ve prepared a brief reason for leaving.  Best reasons:  more money, opportunity, responsibility or growth.

Persistent Placement Papers and Recruitment Pattern

If you are interested in the field of software and want a career in that, then persistent systems is the place for you to be. But before trying in for the test you have to choose your subjects. There are placements for computer literates (for development) and for others too. The others are analyzed for quality and testing. The candidate must have attained 60% or above in 10th and 12th, along with pursuing a degree for engineering.

To get into this you have to clear a three level test to get into it. The first round has multiple questions. The first 15 questions are based on percentage, age factors, ratio and proportion etc. The next 15 questions are based on C, to find the output and errors and with abcd options. Next 10 questions are related to data structure. Further 5 questions on operating system like UNIX, segmentation etc.

In the second round the candidate is tested for his/her practical knowledge about C language. In the last round the candidate is interviewed. In order to clear the interview, one must have cleared the two rounds and must have good communication skills. Getting placement in Persistent systems provides the candidate an opportunity to earn while learning. For further guidance here are the links-

Unix questions asked in aptitude and inteviews for MCA,BCA,ME,BE,M.Tech AND B.Tech

Unix Aptitude Questions

1.Display the first line of a file is using the "head" command.
$> head -1 file.txt

2.Display the first 2 records of the file using the "head" command.
$> head -2 file.txt

3.Another way can be by using "sed" command.
Sed is a very powerful text editor which can be used for various text manipulation purposes like this.
$> sed '2,$ d' file.txt
The 'd' parameter basically tells "sed" to delete all the records from display from line 2 to last line
of the file (last line is represented by $ symbol). It does not actually delete those lines from the file,
it just does not display those lines in standard output screen. So you only see the remaining line which is the 1st line.

4.Display the last line of a file using "tail" command.
$> tail -1 file.txt

5.Display the last line of a file using "sed" command.
$> sed -n '$ p' test
'$' stands for the last line of the file. So '$ p' basically prints (p for print) the last line in standard output screen. '-n' switch takes sed to silent mode so that sed does not print anything else in the output.

6.Display n-th line of a file.
$> sed –n ' p' file.txt
   indicates actual line number whose content is to be displayed. So if you want to print the 8th line, the command will be
$> sed –n '8 p' test

7.Display n-th line of a file using "head"and "tail" command.
$> head -  file.txt | tail -1
You need to replace with the actual line number. So if you want to print the 8th line, the command will be
$> head -8 file.txt | tail -1

8.Remove the first line or header from a file?
$> sed '1 d' file.txt
It just prints out all the lines except the first line of the file on the standard output. It does not really change the file in-place.

9.Delete the first line from the file itself.
there are two ways to do it :-
i)Either you can redirect the output of the file to some other file and then rename it back to original file.
$> sed '1 d' file.txt > new_file.txt
$> mv  new_file.txt  file.txt

ii) Use an inbuilt  "sed switch '–i' which changes the file in-place.
$> sed –i '1 d' file.txt

10.Remove the last line or trailer from a file in Unix script?
$> sed –i '$ d' file.txt

11.How to remove certain lines from a file in Unix?
To remove content  from line    to line  from a given file :-
$> sed –i '5,7 d' file.txt
The above command will delete line 5 to line 7 from the file file.txt

How to Answer- Tell me about something you did – or failed to do – that you now feel a little ashamed of. (Q.no.4)

Question 4    : Tell me about something you did – or failed to do – that you now feel a little ashamed of.

TRAPS:  There are some questions your interviewer has no business asking, and this is one.  But while you may feel like answering, “none of your business,” naturally you can’t.  Some interviewers ask this question on the chance you admit to something, but if not, at least they’ll see how you think on your feet.
Some unprepared candidates, flustered by this question, unburden themselves of guilt from their personal life or career, perhaps expressing regrets regarding a parent, spouse, child, etc.  All such answers can be disastrous.

BEST ANSWER:  As with faults and weaknesses, never confess a regret.  But don’t seem as if you’re stonewalling either.

Best strategy:  Say you harbor no regrets, then add a principle or habit you practice regularly for healthy human relations.

Example:  Pause for reflection, as if the question never occurred to you.  Then say, “You know, I really can’t think of anything.”  (Pause again, then add): “I would add that as a general management principle, I’ve found that the best way to avoid regrets is to avoid causing them in the first place.  I practice one habit that helps me a great deal in this regard.  At the end of each day, I mentally review the day’s events and conversations to take a second look at the people and developments I’m involved with and do a double check of what they’re likely to be feeling.  Sometimes I’ll see things that do need more follow-up, whether a pat on the back, or maybe a five minute chat in someone’s office to make sure we’re clear on things…whatever.”

“I also like to make each person feel like a member of an elite team, like the Boston Celtics or LA Lakers in their prime.  I’ve found that if you let each team member know you expect excellence in their

performance…if you work hard to set an example yourself…and if you let people know you appreciate and respect their feelings, you wind up with a highly motivated group, a team that’s having fun at work because they’re striving for excellence rather than brooding over slights or regrets.”

Introduction to CSS - Basic to get start

What You Should Already Know

Before you continue you should have a basic understanding of the following:
If you want to study these subjects first, find the tutorials on our Language page.

What is CSS?

  • CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets
  • Styles define how to display HTML elements
  • Styles were added to HTML 4.0 to solve a problem
  • External Style Sheets can save a lot of work
  • External Style Sheets are stored in CSS files

Styles Solved a Big Problem

HTML was never intended to contain tags for formatting a document.
HTML was intended to define the content of a document, like:
<h1>This is a heading</h1>
<p>This is a paragraph.</p>
When tags like <font>, and color attributes were added to the HTML 3.2 specification, it started a nightmare for web developers. Development of large web sites, where fonts and color information were added to every single page, became a long and expensive process.
To solve this problem, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) created CSS.
In HTML 4.0, all formatting could be removed from the HTML document, and stored in a separate CSS file.
All browsers support CSS today.

CSS Saves a Lot of Work!

CSS defines HOW HTML elements are to be displayed.
Styles are normally saved in external .css files. External style sheets enable you to change the appearance and layout of all the pages in a Web site, just by editing one single file!

Introduction to JavaScript- Basics

JavaScript is the most popular scripting language on the internet, and works in all major browsers, such as Internet Explorer, Firefox, Chrome, Opera, and Safari.

What You Should Already Know

Before you continue you should have a basic understanding of the following:
  • HTML and CSS
If you want to study these subjects first, find the tutorials on our Languages page.

What is JavaScript?

  • JavaScript was designed to add interactivity to HTML pages
  • JavaScript is a scripting language
  • A scripting language is a lightweight programming language
  • JavaScript is usually embedded directly into HTML pages
  • JavaScript is an interpreted language (means that scripts execute without preliminary compilation)
  • Everyone can use JavaScript without purchasing a license

Are Java and JavaScript the same?

Java and JavaScript are two completely different languages in both concept and design!
Java (developed by Sun Microsystems) is a powerful and much more complex programming language - in the same category as C and C++.

What Can JavaScript do?

  • JavaScript gives HTML designers a programming tool - HTML authors are normally not programmers, but JavaScript is a scripting language with a very simple syntax! Almost anyone can put small "snippets" of code into their HTML pages
  • JavaScript can react to events - A JavaScript can be set to execute when something happens, like when a page has finished loading or when a user clicks on an HTML element
  • JavaScript can manipulate HTML elements - A JavaScript can read and change the content of an HTML element
  • JavaScript can be used to validate data - A JavaScript can be used to validate form input
  • JavaScript can be used to detect the visitor's browser - A JavaScript can be used to detect the visitor's browser, and - depending on the browser - load another page specifically designed for that browser
  • JavaScript can be used to create cookies - A JavaScript can be used to store and retrieve information on the visitor's computer

JavaScript = ECMAScript

JavaScript is an implementation of the ECMAScript language standard. ECMA-262 is the official JavaScript standard.
JavaScript was invented by Brendan Eich at Netscape (with Navigator 2.0), and has appeared in all browsers since 1996.
The official standardization was adopted by the ECMA organization (an industry standardization association) in 1997.
The ECMA standard (called ECMAScript-262) was approved as an international ISO (ISO/IEC 16262) standard in 1998.
The development is still in progress.

Microsoft Questions asked at B.Tech,.B.E.,MCA,M.Tech,ME,BCA and B.Sc

Microsoft Placement Papers 

1. Besides communication cost, what is the other source of inefficiency in RPC? (answer : context switches, excessive buffer copying). How can you optimize the communication? (ans : communicate through shared memory on same machine, bypassing the kernel _ A Univ. of Wash. thesis)
2. Write a routine that prints out a 2-D array in spiral order!
3. How is the readers-writers problem solved? - using semaphores/ada .. etc.
4. Ways of optimizing symbol table storage in compilers.
5. A walk-through through the symbol table functions, lookup() implementation etc.
6. An array of size k contains integers between 1 and n. You are given an additional scratch array of size n. Compress the original array by removing duplicates in it. What if k << n? ANS. Can be done in O(k) time i.e. without initializing the auxiliary array!
7. An array of integers. The sum of the array is known not to overflow an integer. Compute the sum. What if we know that integers are in 2's complement form?
ANS. If numbers are in 2's complement, an ordinary looking loop like for(i=total=0;i< n;total+=array[i++]); will do. No need to check for overflows!
8. An array of characters. Reverse the order of words in it.
ANS. Write a routine to reverse a character array. Now call it for the given array and for each word in it.
9. An array of integers of size n. Generate a random permutation of the array, given a function rand_n() that returns an integer between 1 and n, both inclusive, with equal probability. What is the expected time of your algorithm?
ANS. "Expected time" should ring a bell. To compute a random permutation, use the standard algorithm of scanning array from n downto 1, swapping i-th element with a uniformly random element <= i-th. To compute a uniformly random integer between 1 and k (k < n), call rand_n() repeatedly until it returns a value in the desired range.
10. An array of pointers to (very long) strings. Find pointers to the (lexicographically) smallest and largest strings.
ANS. Scan array in pairs. Remember largest-so-far and smallest-so-far. Compare the larger of the two strings in the current pair with largest-so-far to update it. And the smaller of the current pair with the smallest-so-far to update it. For a total of <= 3n/2 strcmp() calls. That's also the lower bound.
11. If you are on a boat and you throw out a suitcase, Will the level of water increase.
12. Print an integer using only putchar. Try doing it without using extra storage.
13. Write C code for (a) deleting an element from a linked list (b) traversing a linked list
14. What are various problems unique to distributed databases?
15. Declare a void pointer
ANS. void *ptr;
16. Set the highest significant bit of an unsigned integer to zero.ANS. (from Denis Zabavchik) Set the highest significant bit of an unsigned integer to zero
#define zero_most_significant(h) \
(h&=(h>>1)|(h>>2), \
h|=(h>>2), \
h|=(h>>4), \
h|=(h>>8), \
17. Let f(k) = y where k is the y-th number in the increasing sequence of non-negative integers with the same number of ones in its binary representation as y, e.g. f(0) = 1, f(1) = 1, f(2) = 2, f(3) = 1, f(4) = 3, f(5) = 2, f(6) = 3 and so on. Given k >= 0, compute f(k).
18. A character set has 1 and 2 byte characters. One byte characters have 0 as the first bit. You just keep accumulating the characters in a buffer. Suppose at some point the user types a backspace, how can you remove the character efficiently. (Note: You cant store the last character typed because the user can type in arbitrarily many backspaces)
19. Reverse the bits of an unsigned integer.
#define reverse(x) \
(x=x>>16|(0x0000ffff&x)<<16 span="span">
x=(0xff00ff00&x)>>8|(0x00ff00ff&x)<<8 span="span">
x=(0xf0f0f0f0&x)>>4|(0x0f0f0f0f&x)<<4 span="span">
x=(0xcccccccc&x)>>2|(0x33333333&x)<<2 span="span">
x=(0xaaaaaaaa&x)>>1|(0x55555555&x)<<1 span="span"> 
20. Compute the number of ones in an unsigned integer.
#define count_ones(x) \
(x=(0xaaaaaaaa&x)>>1+(0x55555555&x), \
x=(0xcccccccc&x)>>2+(0x33333333&x), \
x=(0xf0f0f0f0&x)>>4+(0x0f0f0f0f&x), \
x=(0xff00ff00&x)>>8+(0x00ff00ff&x), \

Microsoft Campus Recruitment Test Questions

                      Microsoft Placement Paper Questions

1. A version of the "There are three persons X Y Z, one of which always lies".. etc..
2. There are 3 ants at 3 corners of a triangle, they randomly start moving towards another corner.. what is the probability that they don't collide.
3. Write an efficient algorithm and C code to shuffle a pack of cards.. this one was a feedback process until we came up with one with no extra storage.
4. The if (x == 0) y = 0 etc..
5. Some more bit wise optimization at assembly level
6. C++ ( what is virtual function ? what happens if an error occurs in constructor or destructor. Discussion on error handling, templates, unique features of C++. What is different in C++, ( compare with unix).
7. Given a list of numbers ( fixed list) Now given any other list, how can you efficiently find out if there is any element in the second list that is an element of the first list (fixed list).
8. Given 3 lines of assembly code : find it is doing. IT was to find absolute value.
9. If you are on a boat and you throw out a suitcase, Will the level of water increase.
10. Print an integer using only putchar. Try doing it without using extra storage.
11. Let f(k) = y where k is the y-th number in the increasing sequence of non-negative integers with the same number of ones in its binary representation as y, e.g. f(0) = 1, f(1) = 1, f(2) = 2, f(3) = 1, f(4) = 3, f(5) = 2, f(6) = 3 and so on. Given k >= 0, compute f(k).
12. A character set has 1 and 2 byte characters. One byte characters have 0 as the first bit. You just keep accumulating the characters in a buffer. Suppose at some point the user types a backspace, how can you remove the character efficiently. (Note: You cant store the last character typed because the user can type in arbitrarily many backspaces)
13. What is the simples way to check if the sum of two unsigned integers has resulted in an overflow.
14. How do you represent an n-ary tree? Write a program to print the nodes of such a tree in breadth first order.
15. Give a very good method to count the number of ones in a "n" (e.g. 32) bit number.
ANS. Given below are simple solutions, find a solution that does it in log (n) steps. Iterative
function iterativecount (unsigned int n)
int count=0;
while (n)
count += n & 0x1 ;
n >>= 1;
return count;
Sparse Count
function sparsecount (unsigned int n)
int count=0;
while (n)
n &= (n-1);
return count ;
end 16. Given a rectangular (cuboidal for the puritans) cake with a rectangular piece removed (any size or orientation), how would you cut the remainder of the cake into two equal halves with one straight cut of a knife ?
17. You're given an array containing both positive and negative integers and required to find the sub-array with the largest sum (O(N) a la KBL). Write a routine in C for the above.
18. Given an array of size N in which every number is between 1 and N, determine if there are any duplicates in it. You are allowed to destroy the array if you like. [ I ended up giving about 4 or 5 different solutions for this, each supposedly better than the others ].
19. Write code for reversing a linked list.
20. Write, efficient code for extracting unique elements from a sorted list of array. e.g. (1, 1, 3, 3, 3, 5, 5, 5, 9, 9, 9, 9) -> (1, 3, 5, 9).

Microsoft Placement Papers for B.Tech,.B.E.,MCA,M.Tech,ME and aptitude tests

Microsoft Placement Paper  Questions

1.C++ ( what is virtual function ? what happens if an error occurs in constructor or destructor. Discussion on error handling, templates, unique features of C++. What is different in C++, ( compare with unix).
2. Given a list of numbers ( fixed list) Now given any other list, how can you efficiently find out if there is any element in the second list that is an element of the first list (fixed list).
3. Given 3 lines of assembly code : find it is doing. IT was to find absolute value.
4. If you are on a boat and you throw out a suitcase, Will the level of water increase.
5. Print an integer using only putchar. Try doing it without using extra storage.
6. Write C code for (a) deleting an element from a linked list (b) traversing a linked list
7. Compute the number of ones in an unsigned integer.
#define count_ones(x) \
(x=(0xaaaaaaaa&x)>>1+(0x55555555&x), \
x=(0xcccccccc&x)>>2+(0x33333333&x), \
x=(0xf0f0f0f0&x)>>4+(0x0f0f0f0f&x), \
x=(0xff00ff00&x)>>8+(0x00ff00ff&x), \
8. Compute the discrete log of an unsigned integer.
#define discrete_log(h) \
(h=(h>>1)|(h>>2), \
h|=(h>>2), \
h|=(h>>4), \
h|=(h>>8), \
h|=(h>>16), \
h=(0xaaaaaaaa&h)>>1+(0x55555555&h), \
h=(0xcccccccc&h)>>2+(0x33333333&h), \
h=(0xf0f0f0f0&h)>>4+(0x0f0f0f0f&h), \
h=(0xff00ff00&h)>>8+(0x00ff00ff&h), \
9. Let f(k) = y where k is the y-th number in the increasing sequence of non-negative integers with the same number of ones in its binary representation as y, e.g. f(0) = 1, f(1) = 1, f(2) = 2, f(3) = 1, f(4) = 3, f(5) = 2, f(6) = 3 and so on. Given k >= 0, compute f(k).
10. A character set has 1 and 2 byte characters. One byte characters have 0 as the first bit. You just keep accumulating the characters in a buffer. Suppose at some point the user types a backspace, how can you remove the character efficiently. (Note: You cant store the last character typed because the user can type in arbitrarily many backspaces)
11. Write a function to find the depth of a binary tree.
12. Given two strings S1 and S2. Delete from S2 all those characters which occur in S1 also and finally create a clean S2 with the relevant characters deleted.
13. Assuming that locks are the only reason due to which deadlocks can occur in a system. What would be a foolproof method of avoiding deadlocks in the system.
14. Given an array t[100] which contains numbers between 1..99. Return the duplicated value. Try both O(n) and O(n-square).
15. Given an array of characters. How would you reverse it. ? How would you reverse it without using indexing in the array.
16. An array of integers of size n. Generate a random permutation of the array, given a function rand_n() that returns an integer between 1 and n, both inclusive, with equal probability. What is the expected time of your algorithm?
ANS. "Expected time" should ring a bell. To compute a random permutation, use the standard algorithm of scanning array from n downto 1, swapping i-th element with a uniformly random element <= i-th. To compute a uniformly random integer between 1 and k (k < n), call rand_n() repeatedly until it returns a value in the desired range.
17. An array of pointers to (very long) strings. Find pointers to the (lexicographically) smallest and largest strings.
ANS. Scan array in pairs. Remember largest-so-far and smallest-so-far. Compare the larger of the two strings in the current pair with largest-so-far to update it. And the smaller of the current pair with the smallest-so-far to update it. For a total of <= 3n/2 strcmp() calls. That's also the lower bound.
18. Write an efficient C code for 'tr' program. 'tr' has two command line arguments. They both are strings of same length. tr reads an input file, replaces each character in the first string with the corresponding character in the second string. eg. 'tr abc xyz' replaces all 'a's by 'x's, 'b's by 'y's and so on.
a) have an array of length 26.
put 'x' in array element corr to 'a'
put 'y' in array element corr to 'b'
put 'z' in array element corr to 'c'
put 'd' in array element corr to 'd'
put 'e' in array element corr to 'e'
and so on.
ANS. the code
while (!eof)
c = getc();
putc(array[c - 'a']);
19. what is disk interleaving?
20. why is disk interleaving adopted ?


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